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安全使用电动车“秘笈”

 

谨防行驶中的“炸弹”                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

案例:20131225日晚上9时左右,定海东皋岭往白泉方向发生惊险一幕,一辆行驶中的电动车突然起火,顿时车身成一团火球,电动车车主措手不及,滚滚浓烟使得来往车辆躲闪不及。

温馨提示:

  1. 如在车辆密集停放点发生火灾,切不可盲目扑救,铅酸蓄电池含硫酸,爆炸溅射伤害大,应及时报告专业人员进行扑救。

  2. 如果使用街头的快充装置,输入电流量比恒压恒流要高出近10倍,极易损坏电池。快充次数多了,有可能引发电池自燃和爆炸。

  3. 电动车夏季不宜长时间连续使用。高温天气里时速不宜太快,长时间使用的最好中途让电动车“凉快”10-20分钟。

切忌长时间充电

案例: 20141018日晚730分许,定海顾家桥新村一车棚突然冒出浓烟。消防官兵到达现场发现有根私拉的电线接入车棚内,便先切断了电源,再对车棚门进行破拆。打开门后发现原来是正在充电的电动车着火了。

 

温馨提示:

  1. 电动车充电器缺乏过充电、过电流保护装置,容易导致蓄电池高温,极板腐蚀,引起电池漏液或发热爆炸。

  2. 应该按规定首次充电最好连续充电8小时以上,以后每次充电时间都应控制在8小时之内。尽量在白天充电,以便随时掌握充电情况,避免“放羊式”充电和通宵充电。

  3. 充电时保持通风良好,避免在充电器上放置遮盖物。

  4. 长期充电不当容易导致电瓶老化,内部结构破坏,充电过程中电瓶、充电器过热,可能发生爆炸,引起火灾。

充电莫要引“火”入室

案例:  201542日晚上10时许,城东街道昌东社区一辆停放在楼道里的电动车突然自燃,浓烟弥漫整个楼道,居民发现后随即报警求援。

 

温馨提示:

  1. 电动车充电停放的位置不能选择在室内、楼层走道和楼梯间等地方。

  2. 充电时将充电器放平稳,远离易燃物品。

 

警惕雨水埋下的火种

案例:  201012122148分,定海消防大队接到报警:定海新桥路某仓库内有一间堆放杂物的车棚出现火光。消防官兵到达现场后发现,这是一间半封闭式的车棚,车棚的门是两扇镂空铁门,里面堆满了杂物,中间一辆电动车正在燃烧。据了解,起火原因疑是因久被闲置的电动车电瓶不小心接触到雨水,引起电线短路所致。

 

 

温馨提示:

  1. 电动车停放位置应能避雨,淋雨容易导致电动车线路短路。

  2. 遇到下雨积水时,千万不要让水淹没电机,电机进水,遇上短路就会造成自燃。

  3. 应及时采取防护措施,检查线路有没有露在外面,以及将控制器用东西包裹。

 

 
 


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